acupuncture is the practice of inserting needles into the superficial skin, subcutaneous tissue, and muscles at particular acupuncture points and manipulating them. acupuncture is believed to keep the balance between yin and yang, thus allowing for the normal flow of “qi” throughout the body and restoring health to the mind and body. tui na (a combination of massage, acupressure, and other forms of body manipulation) is a form of asian bodywork therapy that has been used in china for centuries. the practitioner will ask a series of questions and then begin treatment. cupping is a type of chinese massage, consisting of placing several glass or plastic “cups” (open spheres) on the body. the air in the cup then cools, creating lower pressure inside the cup, creating a vacuum and allowing the cup to stick to the skin.
scraping, or “gua sha,” is a folk medicine technique that uses pieces of smooth jade, bone, animal tusks, horns, or smooth stones to scrape along the skin to release obstruction and toxins that are trapped at the surface of the skin. if a practitioner recommends chinese herbology as a treatment, the herbs are combined into a formula that is dispensed in the form of a traditional tea, capsule, liquid extract, granule, or powder. chinese nutrition is a mode of dieting rooted in chinese understandings of the effects of food on the human organism. in tcm, nutrition is considered the first line of defense in health matters. although it is difficult to determine whether classic diets can influence diseases without evidence-based research, using uncontaminated produce and the least processed foods available is recommended. below is a diagram of all the channels/meridians reaching the tongue areas that correspond to internal organs in tcm. this is often a sign of a digestive disorder or (e.g.
 the demand for traditional medicines in china has been a major generator of illegal wildlife smuggling, linked to the killing and smuggling of endangered animals. in the 1950s, the chinese government promoted a systematized form of tcm.  it has become one of the four classics for chinese medicine practitioners to learn from and has impacted the medical development in china.  most of the pharmacological theories and compatibility rules and the proposed “seven emotions and harmony” principle have played a role in the practice of medicine for thousands of years. they also criticized a reduction in government testing and regulation of the production of tcms, some of which were toxic.  a review of the literature in 2008 found that scientists are “still unable to find a shred of evidence” according to standards of science-based medicine for traditional chinese concepts such as qi, meridians, and acupuncture points, and that the traditional principles of acupuncture are deeply flawed.  tcm is widely used in china and it is also used in the west. concepts of the body and of disease used in tcm are pseudoscientific, similar to mediterranean humoral theory.  their other functions are to harmonize yin and yang, and to help with the secretion of waste products.  in traditional china, as in many other cultures, the health and medicine of female bodies was less understood than that of male bodies. in addition, there would be a conflict between patient and doctor on the probability of her diagnosis. therefore, it was not the anatomical structures that allowed for pregnancy, but the difference in processes that allowed for the affliction of pregnancy to occur.  the method of abortion was the ingestion of certain herbs and foods.
 it is also known to be the most difficult aspect of practicing tcm. for example, the disease entity of a common cold might present with a pattern of wind-cold in one person, and with the pattern of wind-heat in another. examination of the tongue and the pulse are among the principal diagnostic methods in tcm.  some compounds can include the parts of endangered species, including tiger bones and rhinoceros horn which is used for many ailments (though not as an aphrodisiac as is commonly misunderstood in the west).  laws protecting even critically endangered species such as the sumatran tiger fail to stop the display and sale of these items in open markets. fifty percent of systematic reviews on tcm did not search chinese databases, which could lead to a bias in the results.  building on his work, research both in china and the west eventually led to the development of the drug trisenox, which was approved for leukemia treatment by the fda in 2000.  the description of some plants used in tcm has changed, leading to unintended poisoning by using the wrong plants. present day acupuncture was developed in the 1930s and put into wide practice only as late as the 1960s.  one branch of qigong is qigong massage, in which the practitioner combines massage techniques with awareness of the acupuncture channels and points. the concepts yin and yang are associated with different classes of foods, and tradition considers it important to consume them in a balanced fashion. [clarification needed] in 2000, macau university of science and technology and nanjing university of traditional chinese medicine established the macau college of traditional chinese medicine to offer a degree course in chinese medicine.  the tcm practitioners act was passed by parliament in 2000 and the tcm practitioners board was established in 2001 as a statutory board under the ministry of health, to register and regulate tcm practitioners.
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herbal medicine and acupuncture, including theory, practice, diagnosis, and treatment, were recorded in classical chinese texts and refined over many centuries. “chinese herbs are an important component of holistic therapy. in trained hands and with medical supervision, it’s good medicine. however, they traditional chinese medicine (tcm) is an alternative medical practice drawn from traditional medicine in china. it has been described as “fraught with, chinese herbs side effects, benefits of chinese medicine, traditional chinese medicine examples, chinese medicine vs western medicine, eastern medicine, chinese medicine doctor, disadvantages of traditional chinese medicine, who recognizes traditional chinese medicine, how do chinese herbs work, what is tcm.
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