herbal and traditional medicine

however, large sections of the population in developing countries still rely on traditional practitioners and herbal medicines for their primary care. the major use of herbal medicines is for health promotion and therapy for chronic, as opposed to life-threatening, conditions. for example, in 1995, the total turnover of nonprescription-bound herbal medicines in pharmacies was equal to almost 30% of the total turnover of nonprescription-bound medicines in germany, and in the united states, the annual retail sales of herbal products was estimated to be us$5.1 billion. it is also estimated that about 25% of the drugs prescribed worldwide are derived from plants, and 121 such active compounds are in use (sahoo et al. consequently, the percentage of elderly people (65 years and above) in our populations is increasing. a brief outline of the legislation in united states, canada, and europe is given in this section, and could be used to guide the legal aspects of the herbal medicine industry in other countries.




in europe, the european directive 2004/24/ec released in 2004 by the european parliament and by the council of europe provides the guidelines for the use of herbal medicines (calapai 2008). with regard to the manufacturing of these products and their quality, products must fulfill the same requirements as applications for a marketing authorization. although in theory botanicals should be well characterized and herbal supplements should be produced to the same quality standards as drugs, the situation in practice is very different from that of a pure drug. research is needed also to meet the challenges of identifying the active compounds in the plants, and there should be research-based evidence on whether whole herbs or extracted compounds are better. to achieve this, global harmonization of legislation is needed to guide the responsible production and marketing of herbal medicines. herbal medicine: an introduction to its history, usage, regulation, current trends, and research needs.

while a complete review of specific herbs is impossible in this setting (>20,000 herbal and related products are used in the united states),1 the potential benefits and hazards of some of the more popular herbal products in use are examined (table 1). americans spent $553 million in 8000 health food stores in 1994,13 and from all sources, the estimate of us “medical” herb sales is $1.2 billion in 1996.14 sales of herbal medicines are growing by 20% a year, and herbs are the largest growth area in retail pharmacy, far exceeding growth in the conventional drug category.15 costs to the individual and costs of individual products can also be substantial, albeit variable. such an error was the cause of an outbreak of belladonna poisoning attributable to an herbal tea in new york city,1 and a similar misidentification led to digitalis poisoning from a mislabeled plantain extract.27 heavy metals are often found in herbal preparations from other countries as they are thought to help cure without being absorbable. by the time he came to the attention of conventional health providers, he was unable to eat and was wasted and jaundiced, and had acquired wilson disease.13 patients may assume herbs such as garlic and nutmeg to be safe, as they are commonly used in cooking without adverse effect.

pharmacists, on the other hand, are unlikely to give specific recommendations on herbal products sold in their stores, and say they do not know much about them.1 in fact, only 5% of the us herbal market is actually sold in pharmacies.20 people can also explore the internet to discover information about herbs. when patients or practitioners want nonbiased information on a commonly used herb, they are advised to buy a book that bases advice on published and critically reviewed literature. the wisdom of herbal self-treatment, as is often the case in the united states, is discussed in the following section, along with more information about specific herbs the internist is likely to encounter. if a patient presents with a problem that might be due to an herb, the physician should discontinue the product and watch for resolution. we must realize that patients are using herbal medicines, and insurance companies are beginning to cover the costs and are even asking us to oversee the use of herbs in certain situations.

herbal medicine is the study of pharmacognosy and the use of medicinal plants, which are a basis of traditional medicine. there is limited scientific evidence for the safety and efficacy of plants used in 21st century herbalism, which generally does not provide standards for purity or dosage. the major use of herbal medicines is for health promotion and therapy for chronic, as opposed to life-threatening, conditions. however, usage of traditional detailed information on herbal medicine and warnings for use of herbal supplements, including black cohosh, echinacea, evening primrose, feverfew, garlic, herbal medicine has its origins in ancient cultures. it involves the medicinal use of plants to treat disease and enhance general health and wellbeing. some, people also search for, people also search for, list of herbal medicines and their uses pdf, importance of herbal medicine pdf, herbal medicine list.

an herb is a plant or plant part used for its scent, flavor, or therapeutic properties. herbal medicines are one type of dietary supplement. to provide a forum for members to share experiences to suggest and discuss best practices and policy in the field of herbal and traditional medicines monitoring they are used interchangeably with traditional medicine in some countries. herbal medicines include herbs, herbal materials, herbal preparations and finished, natural medicine, benefits of herbal medicine, herbal medicine pdf, herbal medicines and their uses with pictures, countries that use herbal medicine, importance of herbal medicine essay, herbal medicine articles, side effects of herbal medicine.

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