we conducted interviews of 748 adult women recruited from the communities in the city of ibadan, nigeria from 2013 to 2015. a structured questionnaire was created to collect data on rates of traditional medicine use and demographic factors such as age, education, ethnicity, and occupation. growing awareness of the prevalence of traditional medicine use has spurred biomedical efforts to test its effectiveness. this study aims to identify the prevalence of, and determinants of tm use among healthy adult women in the urban city of ibadan, nigeria. the hausa participants were recruited from communities in sabo, and women interested in participating came to the sabo palace and were interviewed with the help of an interpreter. logistic regression models were then run to identify determinants of tm use among women in the study. in addition, women who were traders, the most common occupation, were generally more likely than other occupations to use tm, and significantly so when compared with artisans.
this was the first known study examining the usage of traditional medicine among adult women in nigeria. as two of the top three reasons for using tm were fever and malaria, it is possible that the women in this study were engaging in self-medication without seeking professional medical consultations. however, the trend in this study was the opposite, and women with higher total household monthly incomes were more likely to use traditional medicine than those with lower incomes. the finding that large numbers of women in the general population use traditional medicine is significant for multiple reasons. the most striking finding was that ethnicity was significantly correlated with traditional medicine use, with the ibo and hausa ethnic groups less likely to use traditional medicine than their yoruba counterparts. the funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.
before the advent of more modern medical practices, people from the east and west of nigeria, like most ancient civilizations, sought healthcare from traditional healers. with the adoption of modern medicine, more people go to hospitals because they are believed to be more effective. there are several kitchen ingredients that have been used as cures for centuries. peppersoup is used mostly to cure a cold, catarrh, allergies, and a loss of appetite. varying by region, availability of said ingredients, and the severity of the illness, the following ingredients are basic and used interchangeably. for chicken peppersoup, local chickens are preferred because they are less fatty and are free range.
for a cold, many peppers are added for their spiciness as it helps ease itchiness in the eyes and throat and clears the air passage. not only are the seeds a stimulant, the leaves are also quite medicinal and are often used for herbal cures. the chewing stick was and is still used by many for dental hygiene. the best chewing sticks are made from the twigs of the west african orange tree, the neem tree, ironweed (vernonia), liquorice, walnut trees, and other trees with bitter roots. there are high rates of differing strains of malaria in nigeria, and there are also several orthodox medicines used as curative measures. herbal drinks are often used by the population to cure malaria because they are considered safer and more friendly to the body. the ironweed, also known as the bitter leaf shrub, is also juiced and drunk as both preventative and curative for malaria.
traditional medicine is often juxtaposed with modern biomedicine. in nigeria and other parts of west africa, herbal remedies and spiritual herbal drinks are often used by the population to cure malaria because they are considered safer and more friendly to the body. a combination of herbal medicines come in varying forms. roots, stems, leaves and barks are boiled, crushed into powder or soaked in liquid such as water,, nigerian herbs and their uses, nigerian herbs and their uses, herbal medicine list, traditional medicine in nigeria pdf, nigeria institute of herbal medicine.
in folklore medicine in nigeria rauwolfia vomitoria (afzel) is used for treating hypertension, stroke, insomnia and convulsion  and ocimum herbal medicine is a prominent form of traditional medicine, whereby the healer, known as the herbalist, specialises in the use of herbs to herbal remedies have a deep-rooted culture in nigeria, especially in more traditional communities, but the drugs have become more popular in, african traditional medicine, history of traditional medicine in nigeria, haonu laha herbal mixture, nigerian traditional medicine practitioners, pictures of medicinal plants in nigeria, regulation of herbal medicine in nigeria, nigerian plants and their botanical names pdf, herbs gallery nigeria, adimenu herb, african traditional medicine pdf.
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