the world health organisation (who) in collaboration with the cameroon government has put in place a strategic platform for the practice and development of tm in cameroon. the pharmaceutical industry has come to consider traditional medicine as a source for identification of bio-active agents that can be used in the preparation of synthetic medicine. many cameroonians today, especially the rural people and the urban poor, rely on the use of herbal medicine when they are ill. in fact, many rural communities in africa still have areas where traditional herbal medicine is the major and in some cases the only source of health care available (bloom et al., 2002; derita et al., 2009). it is difficult to characterize a typical cameroonian healer, because there are many different kinds, and the cultural diversity and complexity of their practices are encyclopaedic, when considered in detail. the who and the government of cameroon has signed a convention to draw up a strategic plan for the valorisation to tm in cameroon. this is a coordinated effort of the government through the ministry of health, ministry of forestry and wildlife, ministry of research and innovation and the ministry of higher education, in synergy with tradi-practioners, and medicinal plant researchers involved in contributing to the progress and promotion of traditional medicine in cameroon.
there is a hit and miss operation going on most of the time. traditional medicine should be officially legalised and made part of the official health care system in cameroon. lack of any norms to control what is out in the market for consumption. the absence of a national umbrella to coordinate and intervene in the harmonious development of tm. there is increased interest for search for new chemical entities and the expression of resistance of many drugs available in the market has lead to a shift in paradigm towards medicinal research. the dean and management of the faculty of medicine and biomedical sciences university of yaoundé 1 for their technical support.
western or conventional medicine and precision medicine are two approaches doctors use to treat disease. drugs and other therapies are designed to treat large groups of people with the same disease — like diabetes or cancer. but not everyone responds to a treatment in the same way. some drugs work very well for certain people. finding the exact drug that works for you can involve a lot of trial and error. doctors examine your genes and consider your lifestyle and environment, while looking at the characteristics of your disease to determine the best treatment that would most likely work for you. one current use for this is a targeted therapy to treat a specific type of cancer cell, like those in her2-positive breast cancer. they test the drugs in clinical trials that involve large groups of people who have that disease. the fda approves a new drug when studies show that its benefits outweigh its risks.
yet that doesn’t mean the medicine will help everyone who takes it. over years of research, scientists have learned more about the genetics behind how diseases start and how they behave. thanks to the human genome project, researchers now have a map of all the genes in the human body. knowing how genes and diseases interact can help them fine-tune treatments to make them work better. if your tumor cells have these genes then a medication designed to target these genes may be an effective way to slow or stop the cancer. researchers continue to collect more and more data about our genes and habits and learn how they interact to affect our health. thanks to advances in personalized medicine, in the future doctors will be better able to predict whether we’ll get sick and to find just the right treatment if we do. “what is the difference between precision medicine and personalized medicine? what about pharmacogenomics?”
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